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The purpose of outpatient rehab is focused based therapy to help the addicted individual through their recovery process and into a life of sobriety. Through therapy and counseling, the individual will uncover the underlying issues that drove them to abuse alcohol or drugs and develop positive coping techniques to help them maintain a clean and sober lifestyle. A number of different types of therapies are used in outpatient rehab including cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational incentives, motivational interviewing and multidimensional family therapy. In addition the these various forms of therapy, many outpatient programs offer their clients access to education programs, skills training, mental health care and other specialized recovery methods.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (also known as CBT) used in alcohol and drug addiction outpatient rehab is a short-term, goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment. This process uses a hands-on, practical approach to problem-solving. The purpose of outpatient rehab programs that use cognitive behavioral therapy is to change the addicted individual's patterns of thinking and the behavior that initially brought about their problems with alcohol or drugs. Through cognitive behavioral therapy, the recovering individual is able to identify their negative, irrational thought patterns that influence their self-destructive behavior. By breaking the cycle of negative thinking, the recovering individual is able to learn new behaviors to replace those that perpetuated their addiction.
Motivational incentives used in outpatient rehab for alcohol and drug addiction recovery are positive reinforcers to enhance successful treatment outcomes. This process uses low-cost reinforcements such as prizes, vouchers, clinic privileges etc. in combination with on-site drug testing as an effective way to help program participants remain in treatment and abstain from alcohol and drug use. The purpose of outpatient rehab centers that choose to use motivational incentives is the removal of the participant's ambivalence towards cutting back and quitting their substance use. This form of therapy works to modify and change specific aspects of the addicted individual's behavior.
Motivational interviewing used in outpatient rehab for addiction treatment is a way for clinicians to help addicted individuals explore and resolve their indecision and finally commit to changing their behavior. While feeling ambivalent about committing to rehab is considered a normal part of the process; today, experts note that motivation can be influenced, and is now a key element in helping addicted individuals overcome their substance abuse problems. The purpose of outpatient rehab centers using motivational interviewing is to enhance the individual's internal motivation for behavior changes. This is done through exploring and resolving the client's ambivalence about treatment, using both the program participant's and clinician's goals and values. When the client feels the therapist they are working with is meeting them "where they are", as opposed to where the clinician feels is a priority, the recovering addict is much more confident and ready to tackle the underlying problems that drove them to substance abuse.
Multidimensional family therapy used in outpatient rehab treatment has high success rates. This form of therapy works on building the relationship between family members and the addicted individual through integrated, comprehensive, family-centered treatment. The purpose of outpatient rehab centers using multidimensional family therapy is to eliminate drug abuse and delinquent behaviors by creating healthier lifestyle alternatives for the addicted individual and their families. This process helps the program participant improve their coping skills, problem-solving ability, and decision-making skills while enhancing their functioning in their family dynamic. Many individuals going through the recovery process find this form of therapy beneficial because it brings them closer together with their loved ones while setting clear expectations and guidelines for how the family unit works once outpatient rehab is complete.
Additional aspects of attending an outpatient rehab program include having accesses to education programs, skills training, and mental health care. For many in need of addiction treatment, finding an outpatient program that can easily fit into their daily routine means they are more likely to stick with it. The individual is able to incorporate the addiction rehabilitation they need to stop using alcohol or drugs, and receive life skills training and educational lectures; all while maintaining most aspects of their daily life. Program participants in need of dual diagnosis care, the concurrent treatment of substance addiction and mental health, find outpatient rehab beneficial because they are able to treat both issues simultaneously. Outpatient addiction treatment may also include individual therapy, group therapy, 12-step work, spirituality group, men's group, women's group, relapse prevention, re-socialization skills, pharmacological treatment, referrals to sober living programs, and dui/dwi programs.
There are a few drawbacks to choosing outpatient rehab. The first is that the addicted individual is not fully removed from their everyday life and the temptations it holds. They continue to live at home, and are often surrounded by the same friends and acquaintances they have been using alongside. Being able to call up a dealer or using friends makes staying on the straight and narrow during outpatient rehab more difficult. Another factor to consider when deciding to go with an outpatient program is the level of care needed to make a real and lasting recovery. For individuals who struggle with a more severe addiction problem, expect that outpatient care will consume several hours of the day, for several days each week. On the other hand, persons who have less severe addiction issues may only attend outpatient rehab hourly just once or twice a week. To achieve true rehabilitation, it is imperative that the addicted individual is honest with themselves in regards to how severe their addiction problem really is. Addicted persons who choose a less intensive outpatient rehab program will not receive the right level of care to truly overcome their substance abuse; in the end they wind up selling themselves short.
However, for those who fit the requirements of outpatient rehab, choosing this less restrictive form of treatment fits seamlessly into their lives. While less immersive than inpatient or residential addiction treatment programs, outpatient rehab does let the recovering individual: live at home while receiving the care they need, continue to work or go to school to maintain their finances or grades, remain in close proximity to those who support and love them while going through this difficult process, and learn the life skills they need to go on to live a clean and sober life through addiction education and therapy.
Addiction treatment professionals note the purpose of outpatient rehab is to be a less intense alternative for individuals who are in the beginning stages of addiction. Or, for recovering persons who require continued support after recently completing an inpatient programs. Many individuals find the additional support of outpatient rehab extremely beneficial when transitioning back into the demands of their day to day life. This form of treatment is often the most affordable type of program, while still providing effective treatment. Many recovering individuals find outpatient addiction treatment centers are more effective than merely attending support groups or individual counseling sessions. This is because this form of rehab holds the individual accountable and provides a sense of structure to their lives. Support groups are usually voluntary in attendance and it is easy for an individual to blow off a counseling session. Choosing outpatient rehab means entering a program that holds you accountable for specific periods of time, offers addiction treatment to stop substance use and works on preventing future relapse.